Table of Contents
- Contact Information
- List of Landscaping Products that Meet Living Building Challenge Requirements
- Landscape Waste
- Rooftop Garden Planting Schedule and Seasonal Operating Tasks
- Special Events
- Edible Landscape
- Plant List for Site from As-Built Plans
- Native Plants on Site
The Kendeda Building for Innovative Sustainable Design is surrounded by an impressive amount of green space – ground level native and edible gardens, a greywater treatment constructed wetland at the main entrance, bioswales on the south and west side, landscaped areas on the south, west, and north sides, and a roof top garden. Every element of The Kendeda Building’s construction and operation challenged The Georgia Institute of Technology to rethink how things are “always done,” and landscaping maintenance was no exception.
Requirements for landscaping are found in the Place Petal of the Living Building Challenge (LBC) under the Limits to Growth Imperative. The Imperative states that “on-site landscape must be designed so that as it matures and evolves, it increasingly emulates the functionality of indigenous ecosystems with regard to density, biodiversity, plant succession, water, and nutrient needs” and “provide(s) wildlife and avian habitat.” Additionally, “no petrochemical fertilizer or pesticides can be used for the operation and maintenance of the on-site landscape.”
To prepare for this element of the LBC, a team, led by Georgia Tech Associate Director of Landscape Services and Fleet Services Hyacinth Ide, conducted a 12-month long pilot project to develop a plan for how landscape services will operate on The Kendeda Building grounds. Details of the pilot are available at http://livingbuilding.gatech.edu/landscaping-test-plots. This work plan is informed by the results of the pilot. It covers landscape operations and maintenance procedures for just The Kendeda Building site.
II. Contact Information
For information or maintenance questions, please contact Steve Place, Horticulturist II, Facilities – Landscape Services:
- Phone: 404-428-0801
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
If a building occupant notices an issue that needs resolution, then please contact Marlon Ellis, Area Six Maintenance Manager:
- Phone: 404-861-9852
- Email: email@example.com
There will be an ongoing education of the Georgia Tech Community about The Kendeda Building landscape through partnerships with Institute Communications, building occupants, and educators on staff.
- The site appearance may be different than other more manicured areas of campus. An education program will let campus know why – and the benefits of this program.
- Landscape staff must also be able to serve as educators.
- New Landscape Services employees charged with maintaining The Kendeda Building’s landscape must have traditional landscape skills. Priority will be given to hiring those with additional expertise in urban agriculture, ecology, organic farming, and the ability to teach and coordinate with campus visitors.
- Landscape Services staff are expected to leverage volunteer students to enhance the building’s educational program. For example, Landscape Services personnel already mentor students in the Excel Program offered by Georgia Tech. The Excel Program is a four-year college program for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities leading to two separate Certificates.
- Landscape Services staff must have:
- The ability to effectively communicate with the public regarding both the LBC and The Kendeda Building at Georgia Tech.
- Knowledge of work procedures, including use of applicable hand tools and battery powered equipment whenever possible.
- Knowledge of environmentally sensitive techniques.
- Knowledge of plants on the site.
- Knowledge of materials that meet LBC requirements.
- Knowledge of equipment use on the site.
- Knowledge and drive to research best practices in environmentally-friendly landscaping, and assist with updating this work plan to reflect these, as appropriate.
IV. List of Landscaping Products that Meet Living Building Challenge Requirements
In an effort to help Georgia Tech evaluate and update campus programs to align with the intent and requirements of the LBC, the International Living Future Institute (ILFI) worked with Georgia Tech on several research and analysis projects. These projects looked at how innovations and new procedures can carry over beneficially into whole campus activities related to LBC. One of the results of this effort was a Landscape Products Procedure and Analysis Report, available here, prepared by ILFI for Georgia Tech. This report focused on landscaping procedures and soil amendments, and evaluated the campus landscape protocol and inventoried chemicals used for landscape activities. Review of specific products noting their compliance or presence of petrochemicals is listed in the report.
Therefore, the following list of herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, fertilizers, and soil amendment products for use in The Kendeda Building have been reviewed by ILFI to determine compliance. The products labeled “meets LBC requirements” do not have any petrochemicals listed on their published ingredients list, and therefore meet the requirements of the Limits to Growth Imperative for use on site.
ILFI advises that products labeled “meets LBC requirements” may still have environmental and health hazardous properties. The suggestion is to research alternative products. The Georgia Tech team will continuously use ILFI guidelines to determine if products are made without petrochemicals and can be applied in the landscape of The Kendeda Building. It is important to note that any landscaping product labeled “organic” meets LBC requirements and may be used on site.
- Fusilade (meets LBC requirements)
- Gallery (meets LBC requirements) (pre-emergence herbicide)
- Image (meets LBC requirements)
- Lontrel (meets LBC requirements)
- Q4 (meets LBC requirements)
- Reslute (meets LBC requirements) (pre-emergence herbicide)
- Dr. Earth Final Stop weed and grass killer (organic herbicide)
- Avenger weed killer (organic herbicide)
- Mirimichi pro organic weed killer (organic herbicide)
- Acephate 97UP (meets LBC requirements)
- This product is toxic to white throated sparrows and bees, and is banned for use by the US EPA on green beans. Landscape Services staff will use an alternative product whenever available.
- Altosid (meets LBC requirements)
- According to Georgia Tech researcher guidance, this product can be detrimental to bees. Landscape Services staff will use an alternative product whenever available.
- Bandit (meets LBC requirements);
- According to Georgia Tech researcher guidance, this produce is banned in the European Union. Landscape Services staff will use an alternative product whenever available.
- Insecticidal Soap (meets LBC requirements)
- Mosquito Dunks (meets LBC requirements)
- Mirimichi Green Pest Control (organic insecticide)
- Triple Action Neem Oil (organic insecticide)
None of the products in the current Landscape Services inventory meet LBC requirements. Therefore, the following products will be used for The Kendeda Building:
- Dr. Earth Final Stop Disease Control Fungicide (organic fungicide)
- Natria Disease Control by Bayer (organic fungicide)
- High Manganese Combo (liquid) (meets LBC requirements)
- Nutragreen (liquid) (meets LBC requirements)
- Brandt Supreme Green (liquid) (meets LBC requirements)
- Atrimmec (liquid) (meets LBC requirements) – plant growth regulator
- Milorganite (granular, meets LBC requirements)
- Neptunes Harvest (granular, organic fertilizer)
- GreenEdge (granular, organic fertilizer)
- Nature’s Care (granular, organic fertilizer)
- Dr. Iron (granular, organic fertilizer)
- Bat Guano (granular, organic fertilizer)
Soil Amendment, Mulch, and Pine Straw
- Black Kow Manure (meets LBC requirements)
- Pine Back Mini Nuggets (meets LBC requirements)
- Pine Straw (meets LBC requirements)
- Nature’s Helper Soil Amendment (meets LBC requirements)
- Black Dyed Mulch (meets LBC requirements)
- Compost (generated on campus)
- Mirimichi Soil Enhancer (organic soil enhancer)
Non-combustion Landscape equipment is not a LBC requirement, but Landscape Services will use all available non-combustion equipment such as battery powered equipment whenever possible. Below is a list of the anticipated equipment that will be used at The Kendeda Building site:
- Four blowers
- Two electric leaf shredders, which are important for onsite composting
- Two weed eaters
- Two edgers
- Two shears (one long handle)
- Two chainsaws
- Two mowers
- Two golf carts
- One truck
VI. Landscape Waste
Landscape waste, such as leaves and wood debris should be composted onsite, or removed to another campus locations for composting.
VII. Rooftop Garden Planting Schedule and Seasonal Operating Tasks
The rooftop garden consists of four separate types of planting beds. Two planting beds, blueberries and the pollinator garden, will not change and will be maintained as necessary. The large bed on the northeast corner of the roof is for annual planting (e.g., sweet corn, sunflowers, beans, and native squash). The crops will be rotated and a native pumpkin may be added to the mix. A native cover crop in this large bed will fix nitrogen to the soil.
The beds on the southeast corner of the building are for intensive agriculture. The plants include broccoli, cabbage, kale, radish, leek, brussel sprout, onion, chives, cauliflower, turnip, two lettuce varieties, beets, and rhubarb. These beds will be test beds planted and tended by students. Two of the southeast corner beds will serve as living laboratories, one left as a control and the second watered with a compost tea. These results will be documented and the data archived for future reference. In the spring these beds will be replanted with summer crops to be determined. The focus will be to keep the garden producing all season, thus as produce is harvested and the plants finish their cycle, other will be moved into their place. Attention will be paid to crop rotation.
Year round activities include:
- Soil preparation (based on soil test results)
- Event management
- Debris removal
- Preparation for and clearing of severe weather situations
Below are the tasks that should occur throughout the year based on season.
- Planting of edible roof garden
- Replacement plantings
- Cultivation of soil
- Start-up of irrigation
- Harvesting of winter crop
- Initiation of Integrated Pest management (IPM) protocol
- Continuation of IPM
- Dead heading
- Removing leafs
- Hard pruning
- Planning for new season
- Hard pruning
- Shutting-down of irrigation
VIII. Special Events
Currently, The Kendeda Building does not require unique treatment of the landscape for special events. This is subject to continuous review based on the building’s operations and unique requirements of special events.
IX. Edible Landscape Management
As part of the LBC Urban Agriculture Imperative, there is an edible landscape component in the landscaping around the building and on the rooftop garden. The overall practice related to this landscape is:
- Edible landscaping will not be promoted as a foraging landscape, but will be maintained as fit for human consumption.
- The Landscape Services staff who manages the landscape of this building has attained Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) certification to effectively harvest the edible landscape, as needed. HACCP is a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards throughout the supply chain of food products.
- The Kendeda Building team will work with food partners, such as GT Dining, to prepare harvest for donation to local food pantries or other groups, as determined by the Kendeda Building Team.
X. Plant List for Site
As with any garden, some of the plants on The Kendeda Building site will vary from year to year (e.g., annuals and vegetables). Below is a listing of the initial, as-built plant list for the site. This list will be updated periodically as needed.
|Location||Botanical Name||Common Plant Name|
|Rooftop||Vaccinum ashei 'Premier'||Rabbiteye Blueberry|
|Asclepias tuberosa||Butterfly Weed|
|Boulteloua curtipendula||Sideoats Grass|
|Cucurbita pepo||Summer Squash|
|Echinacea pallida||Pale Purple Coneflower|
|Eupatorium hyssopfollium||Hyssop Leaf Thoroughwort|
|Helianthus annuus||Common Sunflower|
|Solidago sphaceleta, 'Golden Fleece'||Goldenrod|
|Sporobotus heterolepis||Prairie Dropseed|
|Symphyostrichum georgianum||Aromatic Aster|
|Zea mays L.||Corn|
|Garden Trees||Acer rubrum||Red Maple|
|Quercus alba||White Oak|
|Quercus rubra||Red Oak|
|Linodendron tulipfera||Tulip Tree|
|Garden Understory||Amelanchier arborea||Service Berry|
|Cornus florida||Flowering Dogwood|
|Magnolia tripetala||Umbrella Magnolia|
|Magnolia virginiana||Sweet Bay Magnolia|
|Malus angustfolia||Southern Crab Apple|
|Garden Shrubs||Caphalanthus occidentalis||Bottonbush|
|Clethra alnifolia||Sweet Pepperbush|
|Fothergilla 'Mount Airy'||Dwarf Fothergilla|
|Gaylussacia baccata||Black Huckleberry|
|Hamamelis intermedia||Witch Hazel|
|Hydrangea arborescens||Smooth Hydrangea|
|Ilex verticillata, 'Jim Dandy'||Winter Berry|
|Ilex verticillata, 'Red Sprite'||Winter Berry|
|Lindera benzoin||Spice Bush|
|Vaccinium pallidum||Hillside Blueberry|
|Garden Perennials||Anemone americana||Roundleaf Liverwort|
|Arisaema triphylium||Jack in the Pulpit|
|Asclepias tuberosa||Butterfly Weed|
|Carex annectens||Yellow Fruit Sedge|
|Corex cherokeensis||Corex Cherokeensis|
|Corex pensylvanica||Corex Pennsylvania|
|Echinacea pellida||Pale Purple Sunflower|
|Eupatorium hyssopfolium||Hyssop-Leaf Thoroughwort|
|Geranium maculatum||Wild Geranium|
|Lobelia cardenalis||Cardinal Flower|
|Lysimachia terrestris||Swamp Candle|
|Monardia didyma||Scarlet Beebalm|
|Phlox paniculata||Garden Phlox|
|Polystichum acrostichoides||Christmas Fern|
|Pontederia cordata||Pickerel Weed|
|Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani||Softstem Bulrush|
|Silphium perfoliatum||Cup Plant|
|Solidago flexcaulis||Broad Leaf Goldenrod|
|Solidago sphacelata, 'Golden Fleece'||Goldenrod|
|Teucrium canadense||American Germander|
|Tiarella unifoliata||Foam Flower|
|Trillium cuneatum||Wood Lily|
|Typha latifolia||Broadleaf Cattail|
XI. Native Plants on Site
The Kendeda Building showcases the diversity of plant species native to Georgia and has been certified as a native plant habitat by the Georgia Native Plant Society. Most of the plants on the site are native to this region. Below we showcase a few of the native plants to highlight how The Kendeda Building serves the yearlong needs of our pollinators. These native species bloom in a staggered fashion from early spring to late fall.
The building’s native perennials bridge the seasons starting with the Geranium maculatum and Tiarella unifoliata, commonly known as Foam Flower.
Geranium maculatum – Wild Geranium
Tiarella unifoliata – Foam Flower
These important early season perennials support the emerging bees and pollinators while there is still a chill in the air. Both species signal the arrival of spring and are welcomed reminders that winter is near its end.
Late spring and summer are filled with Echinacea pellida, Lobellia cardenalis, and Phlox paniculata. These important pollen sources are also well known medicinal herbs. Butterflies and humming birds frequent the Lobellia cardenalis, adding colorful interaction with the deep red flowers.
Echinacea pallida – Purple Coneflower
Lobellia cardenalis – Cardinal Flower
Autumn at The Kendeda Building promises to be just as vibrant as the other seasons. Solidago flexccaulis blooms when many plants are beginning their preparations for winter after a long summer. Tall and brilliantly colored yellow flowers draw pollinators from across the landscape. The Kendeda Building will be a landscape in motion. Complex relationships will unfold every day, some very simple, others far more serious. The Kendeda Building will provide an open air theater, filled with beauty and drama as only a garden can provide.
Solidago flexcaulis – Broadleaf Goldenrod